In almost every state, in order to become a credentialed veterinary technician, a person has to attend a program approved by the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA). Some of these programs are found at community colleges, some at for-profit institutions, and some at universities. Most are around two years of education focused on veterinary technology. We learn about safe restraint techniques, animal diseases, pharmacology, anesthesia, emergency medicine, radiology, clinical pathology, dentistry, and surgical assisting for EVERY species you can think of!
Once we successfully complete our education we sit for an examination ... I'll talk about that part tomorrow :)
Pictured: baby VetTechXpert not safely restraining a ferocious patient ;)